Bergman’s breakthrough international success is a witty if flirtatious comedy about the laws of sexual attraction and matters of the heart.
Dir. Ingmar Bergman
1955 | Sweden | Comedy/Romance | 109 mins | 1.33:1 | Swedish
PG (passed clean) for some sensuality
Cast: Gunnar Bjornstrand, Ulla Jacobsson, Eva Dahlbeck, Harriet Andersson, Jarl Kulle
Plot: In turn-of-the-century Sweden, four men and four women attempt to navigate the laws of attraction. During a weekend in the country, the women collude to force the men’s hands in matters of the heart, exposing male pretensions and insecurities along the way.
Awards: Won Best Poetic Humor (Cannes); Nom. for 3 BAFTAs – Best Film from any Source, Best Foreign Actor, Best Foreign Actress
Source: AB Svensk Filmindustri
Subject Matter: Moderate – Gender Dynamics; Desire
Narrative Style: Slightly Complex
Pace: Slightly Slow
Audience Type: Slightly Arthouse
Viewed: Criterion Blu-ray
First Published: 16 Aug 2017
Most might assume Ingmar Bergman’s later twin films from 1957—The Seventh Seal and Wild Strawberries—to have heralded and affirmed the arrival of one of European cinema’s most distinguished auteurs, sparking a newfound desire for arthouse cinema by a growing band of film enthusiasts and critics.
But to fully appreciate in context Bergman’s transformation from a good filmmaker to a great one, one needs to go back to 1955’s Smiles of a Summer Night, as remarkable a turning point in a filmmaker’s career as any.
With mounting personal problems and a couple of pictures that flopped at the box-office, Bergman decided to make a comedy.
In the esteemed director’s oeuvre, Smiles remains to be one of his most important and successful films (even if it is less talked about than his other works), without which Bergman’s legacy wouldn’t have been written.
A period piece shot in the midst of a heatwave, Smiles pits four men and four women against each other, as they try to find out who they truly love by the end of the film.
“I am tired of people. But that doesn’t stop me from loving them.”
Backed by an ensemble cast, with notable performances by screen legends Gunnar Bjornstrand and Harriet Andersson, Bergman’s film exudes a sense of theatricality, with its stage quality analogous to the truth—and artificiality—of performative action and its associated emotions.
In Smiles, humiliation and confrontation—ideas explored in John Simon’s 2011 essay “Midsummer Merry-Go-Round”—take centre stage as it were.
The supposedly stronger sex takes a beating from the opposite gender, with masculinity, femininity, marriage, relationship, love, lust, and everything in between thrown to the wind.
When the wind does eventually die down, and the little puzzle pieces finally if fatefully fit, Smiles asks us to embrace the universal fallibility of men and women locked in the stranglehold of desire—but is it really empathy that we deserve?
Bergman’s film is certainly made with acerbic wit, from which much of its comedy is milked. But it is also a flirtatious work, almost mildly erotic, not in its pursuit of flesh, but in its exploration of the laws of sexual attraction and matters of the heart. It won the Best Poetic Humour award at Cannes.